what’s the difference mako shark a bull shark

Differences between Mako Shark and Bull Shark

As a doctor who has always been drawn to the natural world, I find myself constantly fascinated by the creatures that inhabit our planet’s oceans. Among these creatures, sharks are undoubtedly some of the most captivating. Two species, in particular, stand out for their unique characteristics and impressive abilities: the Mako shark and the bull shark. Despite being similar in some ways, these two sharks possess distinct qualities that make them truly unique and worthy of closer examination. In this article, we will explore the key differences between these two fascinating species and gain a deeper understanding of what makes each one so special. Through this exploration, we hope to shed light on the incredible diversity of life that exists in our oceans and the many ways in which it continues to amaze and inspire us.

Physical Characteristics

As a doctor, I find myself fascinated by the physical characteristics exhibited by different species. Sharks, for instance, have some of the most unique and adapted physical traits among marine creatures. One such species, the Mako shark, boasts a streamlined body built for speed and agility. Their elongated form allows them to cut through the water with minimal drag, while their pointed snouts and large tails provide the necessary power for swift swimming. These physical characteristics make Mako sharks formidable predators in the ocean, and explain why they are one of the fastest shark species, capable of reaching speeds of up to 60mph.

Another shark species that stands out for its physical characteristics is the bull shark. Unlike the slender build of the Mako, bull sharks have broader, more muscular bodies with blunt snouts. Their physique is built for maneuverability, rather than pure speed. These characteristics make bull sharks efficient hunters in shallow and murky waters, where they can quickly pivot and change direction to catch prey. Additionally, their muscular build allows them to leap out of the water, which is another impressive feat.

Overall, the physical characteristics of sharks are a testament to the wonders of evolution and the marvels of nature. As a doctor, I am constantly in awe of the way different creatures have adapted their bodies to suit their environment and survive in the challenging conditions of the ocean. Beyond their physical attributes, sharks are also important indicators of the health of marine ecosystems. It is crucial that we continue to study and protect these magnificent animals, so that we can learn from their physical characteristics and preserve the rich diversity of our oceans.

Size and Weight

As a doctor, it may come as a surprise that I possess knowledge on the subject of sharks. However, being knowledgeable about the physical attributes of different species is essential in understanding their behavior and their impact on the environment. When it comes to comparing the size and weight of sharks, the mako shark is one of the largest predators in the ocean. Weighing in at around 1,000 pounds and reaching lengths of up to 12 feet, these sharks are a force to be reckoned with. Despite their size, they are known for their incredible speed and agility, making them one of the most skilled hunters in the ocean.

On the other hand, bull sharks are significantly smaller in size. While still formidable predators, they cannot match the sheer size of the mako shark. Typically, they measure anywhere from 7 to 11 feet in length and weigh between 200 to 500 pounds. Although smaller than the mako shark, they are still considered a dangerous species to encounter, as they are known for their aggressive behavior and can be found in both freshwater and saltwater environments. In fact, bull sharks are responsible for more attacks on humans than any other species of shark.

While comparing shark sizes and weights may seem like an exercise in futility, understanding the differences between various species is essential in assessing their impact on the environment. By observing and analyzing the behavior and physical characteristics of different shark species, we can gain valuable insights that will help us to better protect these creatures and preserve our planet’s delicate ecosystem. As a doctor, I believe that every living organism plays a vital role in the environment, and it is our duty to ensure their continued survival.

Habitat and Distribution

Mako sharks, also known as Isurus oxyrinchus, are commonly found in open waters of all the world’s oceans. They are pelagic and demersal, which means they are found in both coastal and offshore areas. The species prefers warmer temperate and tropical waters, and can be found in depths of up to 150 meters. Makos have been spotted near the surface and even near the shorelines. They have also been observed in the depths of the ocean.

Bull sharks, or Carcharhinus leucas, are one of the most adaptable shark species in the world. They can thrive in both saltwater and freshwater environments, making them highly adaptable to changing environments and climates. Bull sharks are pelagic and frequently encountered in rivers, estuaries, and coastal regions. They tend to prefer shallow waters, so they are occasionally found in the shark-infested waters of Florida’s Everglades. They are often known for their tendency to swim up rivers and can even be found in freshwater lakes in parts of Africa.

Despite the differences in their habitat preferences, both mako and bull sharks can be dangerous to humans. Makos are known for their speed, which can reach up to 60 miles per hour. They are also known to jump out of the water while chasing prey. Bull sharks, on the other hand, are known for their aggressive behavior and high level of testosterone. They have been involved in numerous attacks on humans, often in shallow waters. Understanding the distribution patterns and habitat preferences of these species can help humans avoid potentially dangerous encounters.

Behavior and Diet

Behavior and Diet of Mako Sharks

Mako sharks are known for their impressive swimming speed and agility. They possess a highly streamlined body shape, a well-developed tail fin, and a sharp and pointed snout. These features help them to move quickly through the water and ambush their prey. Interestingly, the mako shark’s diet consists of various marine creatures, such as squid, octopuses, smaller sharks, and even seabirds. Their diet primarily includes schooling fish such as mackerel, tuna, and swordfish.

In order to catch their prey, mako sharks prefer to swim in open water, away from the shoreline. They use their speed and agility to launch attacks on schools of fish, using their sharp teeth to tear apart their prey. Mako sharks are powerful predators and capable of bursting into high-speed swimming, up to 45 miles per hour, allowing them to easily defeat their prey. However, despite their ferocity, mako sharks are not normally a threat to humans, as their preference is to feed on fish.

Behavior and Diet of Bull Sharks

Bull sharks have a reputation for being aggressive and are known to frequent shallow coastal waters, sometimes even venturing into freshwater rivers. They are stout-bodied and have a blunt, rounded snout, with stocky build, powerful jaws, and serrated teeth. These sharks can range in size from around 7-11.5 feet in length. Despite their size, they are known to hunt in packs and can take down large prey, such as dolphins and sea turtles. Interestingly, the bull shark’s diet is extremely varied, and they consume a variety of aquatic animals, including fish, rays, squid, seabirds, and even other sharks.

Due to their versatility in hunting and feeding habits, bull sharks are particularly well-suited to a variety of regions. They can withstand freshwater and have been known to swim miles upriver in rivers with high tidal flows. Bull sharks are also known to inhabit many of the world’s coastal regions, blending well with their surroundings and ambushing their prey. For example, they often take advantage of flooded river deltas to hunt fish swimming out to sea. Overall, bull sharks are extremely adaptable and resourceful predators.


In conclusion, it is clear that both mako sharks and bull sharks are incredibly powerful predators, with unique features that distinguish them from one another. While mako sharks are the larger of the two, and prefer to live in more specific habitats such as open waters, they are known for their incredible speed, which allows them to chase down their prey with ease. Bull sharks, on the other hand, are adaptable creatures that can thrive in various environments, and are recognized for their aggressive behavior. By recognizing these distinctions, we can develop a deeper appreciation for these creatures, and the important role they play in the marine ecosystem.

Another significant difference between mako sharks and bull sharks is their reproduction cycle. While mako sharks give birth to live young after a gestation period of approximately 15 months, bull sharks are known for their ability to tolerate both fresh and saltwater, which makes them capable of breeding in freshwater rivers. This unique adaptation allows them to inhabit diverse environments and thrive in areas where other shark species might struggle to survive. By recognizing these differences, we can gain a better understanding of the distinctive qualities of both species, and the roles they play in their respective environments.

In conclusion, the differences between mako sharks and bull sharks are subtle, yet significant. Both these sharks are incredibly powerful and adaptable creatures, with unique behaviors and characteristics that set them apart from one another. By understanding these differences, we can appreciate the diversity and complexity of the shark species, and the ecological importance they hold in the marine world. It is only by recognizing and respecting these differences that we can learn to conserve and protect these magnificent creatures, and the ecosystem that supports them.

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